Although residents of the Southern United States benefit from air conditioning, it was not always easy to stay cool. Cooling systems underwent multiple changes over the years to become the central air system that we know today. Over time, modern air conditioning changed the ways in which we interact, socialize, and live. To understand these changes, let’s ex plore some early forms of air conditioning. Keeping Cool Before A/C Back in the third century, Roman emperor Elagabalus built his own personal mound of snow to keep cool. Imported via donkeys, th e snow stayed in the emperor’s garden villa during the summer. While this system was convenient for him, he couldn’t possibly provide e nough snow to cool his citizens. Instead, wealthy Roman citizens relied on water from local aqueducts to cool their homes through wall-c irculation systems. Unfortunately, aqueducts were only available to a select few individuals. Less wealthy residents needed to work with their environme nt to beat the heat. For example, many people later built their windows to face away from the sun, and they planted trees on the East a nd West to shade their homes. Eventually, architects referred to such tactics as passive solar design. Aside from these early attempts at air cooling, architects and homeowners found additional ways to keep comfortable. Below are so me of the most common ways people kept cool before the advent of air conditioning:
- Underground buildings and homes
- Brick and other insulating building materials
- High ceilings to let heat rise
- Front porches for hot night socializing
- Outdoor summer sleeping arrangements
- Underwear in the icebox
Many of these tactics still work today, but few people employ them because it’s easier to turn on the air conditioning. However, that’ s quite a leap in time between refrigerating skivvies and turning down the thermostat. Keep reading to find out which discoveries eventu ally lead to central air as we know it. Modern Timeline of Air Conditioning Air conditioning wasn’t invented overnight. Instead, it took multiple inventions over an extended time period to achieve the cooling method we enjoy now. 1758 – Professor John Hadley and Benjamin Franklin discover that evaporating volatile liquids cools objects eno ugh to freeze them. 1830 – Dr. John Gorrie builds an ice-making machine. He patents the idea, but he fails to popularize his inventio n due to a lack in financial backing. 1902 – Willis Carrier creates an air treatment apparatus. As it blows air over cold coils, the apparatus regulates h umidity levels and temperatures. He later establishes his own air conditioning company. 1906 – Stuart Cramer of North Carolina uses a water vapor device to humidify the air at textile plants. He wante d to create an environment where yarn was more workable and less brittle. He first coins the phrase “air conditioning.” 1931 – The wealthy implement individual room air conditioning units costing up to $50,000 (about $600,000 b y today’s standards). 1939 – A car with air conditioning comes to the market. However, if you wanted to turn it on or off while driving , you’d need to pull over-the controls were under the hood. 1942 – The United States builds its first power plant to combat growing energy demand from air conditioning.< /p> 1950 – During the post WWII economic boom, more and more middle-class Americans purchase an air conditio ning unit. In 1953 alone, Americans purchased over a million units. What used to be a luxury for the rich is more available than ever. 1970 – Air conditioning companies perfect and market central air. They initially relied on Freon as a refrigerant, b ut a mandated switch in 1994 required companies to use more environment-friendly coolants. Today, central cooling currently remains the most popular source of air conditioning for American businesses and homeowners. Beca use of this, modern air conditioning has changed daily habits, social interactions, and even our way of life. Effects on Modern Life You might not think about it, but air conditioning affects how we socialize on a regular basis. For example, front porches used to be a place where friends and family gathered. These gatherings in the cool of the evening yielde d social interaction and entertainment. But the widespread use of the television, the automobile, and air conditioning changed that. Now , families and friends often gather indoors throughout the year because they can socialize in the comfort of conditioned air. Air conditioning also changed how we use fire escapes. In the past, many city dwellers slept on the fire escape during hot nights. To day, you can enjoy a cool night indoors with modern day cooling technologies. Many homes now house central air systems, so fire escap es are more for escaping fires than for sleeping. These are just two small examples of how modern day air conditioning has changed our social interactions and habits. If you take th e time to appreciate air conditioning, you’ll realize that it has a significant impact on how and where you spend your time. However, if your furnace or air conditioning is on the fritz, call your friendly neighborhood HVAC experts. You don’t have to s pend another night outdoors to stay comfortable.